mikal is currently certified at Journeyer level.

Name: Michael Still
Member since: 2000-11-26 23:39:54
Last Login: 2008-07-03 11:17:16

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Configuring docker to use rexray and Ceph for persistent storage

For various reasons I wanted to play with docker containers backed by persistent Ceph storage. rexray seemed like the way to do that, so here are my notes on getting that working...

First off, I needed to install rexray:

    root@labosa:~/rexray# curl -sSL https://dl.bintray.com/emccode/rexray/install | sh
    Selecting previously unselected package rexray.
    (Reading database ... 177547 files and directories currently installed.)
    Preparing to unpack rexray_0.9.0-1_amd64.deb ...
    Unpacking rexray (0.9.0-1) ...
    Setting up rexray (0.9.0-1) ...
    
    rexray has been installed to /usr/bin/rexray
    
    REX-Ray
    -------
    Binary: /usr/bin/rexray
    Flavor: client+agent+controller
    SemVer: 0.9.0
    OsArch: Linux-x86_64
    Branch: v0.9.0
    Commit: 2a7458dd90a79c673463e14094377baf9fc8695e
    Formed: Thu, 04 May 2017 07:38:11 AEST
    
    libStorage
    ----------
    SemVer: 0.6.0
    OsArch: Linux-x86_64
    Branch: v0.9.0
    Commit: fa055d6da595602715bdfd5541b4aa6d4dcbcbd9
    Formed: Thu, 04 May 2017 07:36:11 AEST
    


    Which is of course horrid. What that script seems to have done is install a deb'd version of rexray based on an alien'd package:

      root@labosa:~/rexray# dpkg -s rexray
      Package: rexray
      Status: install ok installed
      Priority: extra
      Section: alien
      Installed-Size: 36140
      Maintainer: Travis CI User <travis@testing-gce-7fbf00fc-f7cd-4e37-a584-810c64fdeeb1>
      Architecture: amd64
      Version: 0.9.0-1
      Depends: libc6 (>= 2.3.2)
      Description: Tool for managing remote & local storage.
       A guest based storage introspection tool that
       allows local visibility and management from cloud
       and storage platforms.
       .
       (Converted from a rpm package by alien version 8.86.)
      


      If I was building anything more than a test environment I think I'd want to do a better job of installing rexray than this, so you've been warned.

      Next to configure rexray to use Ceph. The configuration details are cunningly hidden in the libstorage docs, and aren't mentioned at all in the rexray docs, so you probably want to take a look at the libstorage docs on ceph. First off, we need to install the ceph tools, and copy the ceph authentication information from the the ceph we installed using openstack-ansible earlier.

        root@labosa:/etc# apt-get install ceph-common
        root@labosa:/etc# scp -rp 172.29.239.114:/etc/ceph .
        The authenticity of host '172.29.239.114 (172.29.239.114)' can't be established.
        ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:SA6U2fuXyVbsVJIoCEHL+qlQ3xEIda/MDOnHOZbgtnE.
        Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
        Warning: Permanently added '172.29.239.114' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
        rbdmap                       100%   92     0.1KB/s   00:00    
        ceph.conf                    100%  681     0.7KB/s   00:00    
        ceph.client.admin.keyring    100%   63     0.1KB/s   00:00    
        ceph.client.glance.keyring   100%   64     0.1KB/s   00:00    
        ceph.client.cinder.keyring   100%   64     0.1KB/s   00:00    
        ceph.client.cinder-backup.keyring   71     0.1KB/s   00:00  
        root@labosa:/etc# modprobe rbd
        


        You also need to configure rexray. My first attempt looked like this:

          root@labosa:/var/log# cat /etc/rexray/config.yml
          libstorage:
            service: ceph
          


          And the rexray output sure made it look like it worked...

            root@labosa:/etc# rexray service start
            ● rexray.service - rexray
               Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/rexray.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
               Active: active (running) since Mon 2017-05-29 10:14:07 AEST; 33ms ago
             Main PID: 477423 (rexray)
                Tasks: 5
               Memory: 1.5M
                  CPU: 9ms
               CGroup: /system.slice/rexray.service
                       └─477423 /usr/bin/rexray start -f
            
            May 29 10:14:07 labosa systemd[1]: Started rexray.
            


            Which looked good, but /var/log/syslog said:

              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: REX-Ray
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: -------
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: Binary: /usr/bin/rexray
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: Flavor: client+agent+controller
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: SemVer: 0.9.0
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: OsArch: Linux-x86_64
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: Branch: v0.9.0
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: Commit: 2a7458dd90a79c673463e14094377baf9fc8695e
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: Formed: Thu, 04 May 2017 07:38:11 AEST
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: libStorage
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: ----------
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: SemVer: 0.6.0
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: OsArch: Linux-x86_64
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: Branch: v0.9.0
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: Commit: fa055d6da595602715bdfd5541b4aa6d4dcbcbd9
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: Formed: Thu, 04 May 2017 07:36:11 AEST
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: time="2017-05-29T10:14:08+10:00" level=error
              msg="error starting libStorage server" error.driver=ceph time=1496016848215
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: time="2017-05-29T10:14:08+10:00" level=error
              msg="default module(s) failed to initialize" error.driver=ceph time=1496016848216
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: time="2017-05-29T10:14:08+10:00" level=error
              msg="daemon failed to initialize" error.driver=ceph time=1496016848216
              May 29 10:14:08 labosa rexray[477423]: time="2017-05-29T10:14:08+10:00" level=error
              msg="error starting rex-ray" error.driver=ceph time=1496016848216
              


              That's because the service is called rbd it seems. So, the config file ended up looking like this:

                root@labosa:/var/log# cat /etc/rexray/config.yml
                libstorage:
                  service: rbd
                
                rbd:
                  defaultPool: rbd
                


                Now to install docker:

                  root@labosa:/var/log# sudo apt-get update
                  root@labosa:/var/log# sudo apt-get install linux-image-extra-$(uname -r) \
                      linux-image-extra-virtual
                  root@labosa:/var/log# sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https \
                      ca-certificates curl software-properties-common
                  root@labosa:/var/log# curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -
                  root@labosa:/var/log# sudo add-apt-repository \
                      "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
                      $(lsb_release -cs) \
                      stable"
                  root@labosa:/var/log# sudo apt-get update
                  root@labosa:/var/log# sudo apt-get install docker-ce
                  


                  Now let's make a rexray volume.

                    root@labosa:/var/log# rexray volume ls
                    ID  Name  Status  Size
                    root@labosa:/var/log# docker volume create --driver=rexray --name=mysql \
                        --opt=size=1
                    A size of 1 here means 1gb
                    mysql
                    root@labosa:/var/log# rexray volume ls
                    ID         Name   Status     Size
                    rbd.mysql  mysql  available  1
                    


                    Let's start the container.

                      root@labosa:/var/log# docker run --name some-mysql --volume-driver=rexray \
                          -v mysql:/var/lib/mysql -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=my-secret-pw -d mysql
                      Unable to find image 'mysql:latest' locally
                      latest: Pulling from library/mysql
                      10a267c67f42: Pull complete 
                      c2dcc7bb2a88: Pull complete 
                      17e7a0445698: Pull complete 
                      9a61839a176f: Pull complete 
                      a1033d2f1825: Pull complete 
                      0d6792140dcc: Pull complete 
                      cd3adf03d6e6: Pull complete 
                      d79d216fd92b: Pull complete 
                      b3c25bdeb4f4: Pull complete 
                      02556e8f331f: Pull complete 
                      4bed508a9e77: Pull complete 
                      Digest: sha256:2f4b1900c0ee53f344564db8d85733bd8d70b0a78cd00e6d92dc107224fc84a5
                      Status: Downloaded newer image for mysql:latest
                      ccc251e6322dac504e978f4b95b3787517500de61eb251017cc0b7fd878c190b
                      


                      And now to prove that persistence works and that there's nothing up my sleeve... />
                        root@labosa:/var/log# docker run -it --link some-mysql:mysql --rm mysql \
                            sh -c 'exec mysql -h"$MYSQL_PORT_3306_TCP_ADDR" \
                            -P"$MYSQL_PORT_3306_TCP_PORT" -uroot -p"$MYSQL_ENV_MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD"'
                        mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
                        Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
                        Your MySQL connection id is 3
                        Server version: 5.7.18 MySQL Community Server (GPL)
                        
                        Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
                        
                        Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
                        affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
                        owners.
                        
                        Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
                        
                        mysql> show databases;
                        +--------------------+
                        | Database           |
                        +--------------------+
                        | information_schema |
                        | mysql              |
                        | performance_schema |
                        | sys                |
                        +--------------------+
                        4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
                        
                        mysql> create database demo;
                        Query OK, 1 row affected (0.03 sec)
                        
                        mysql> use demo;
                        Database changed
                        mysql> create table foo(val char(5));
                        Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.14 sec)
                        
                        mysql> insert into foo(val) values ('a'), ('b'), ('c');
                        Query OK, 3 rows affected (0.08 sec)
                        Records: 3  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
                        
                        mysql> select * from foo;
                        +------+
                        | val  |
                        +------+
                        | a    |
                        | b    |
                        | c    |
                        +------+
                        3 rows in set (0.00 sec)
                        


                        Now let's re-create the container and prove the data remains.

                          root@labosa:/var/log# docker stop some-mysql
                          some-mysql
                          root@labosa:/var/log# docker rm some-mysql
                          some-mysql
                          root@labosa:/var/log# docker run --name some-mysql --volume-driver=rexray \
                              -v mysql:/var/lib/mysql -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=my-secret-pw -d mysql
                          99a7ccae1ad1865eb1bcc8c757251903dd2f1ac7d3ce4e365b5cdf94f539fe05
                          
                          root@labosa:/var/log# docker run -it --link some-mysql:mysql --rm mysql \
                              sh -c 'exec mysql -h"$MYSQL_PORT_3306_TCP_ADDR" -\
                              P"$MYSQL_PORT_3306_TCP_PORT" -uroot -p"$MYSQL_ENV_MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD"'
                          mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
                          Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
                          Your MySQL connection id is 3
                          Server version: 5.7.18 MySQL Community Server (GPL)
                          
                          Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
                          
                          Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
                          affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
                          owners.
                          
                          Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
                          
                          mysql> use demo;
                          Reading table information for completion of table and column names
                          You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A
                          
                          Database changed
                          mysql> select * from foo;
                          +------+
                          | val  |
                          +------+
                          | a    |
                          | b    |
                          | c    |
                          +------+
                          3 rows in set (0.00 sec)
                          
                          So there you go.

                          Tags for this post: docker ceph rbd rexray
                          Related posts: So you want to setup a Ceph dev environment using OSA; Juno nova mid-cycle meetup summary: containers

                          Comment

                          Syndicated 2017-05-28 18:45:00 from stillhq.com : Mikal, a geek from Canberra living in Silicon Valley (no blather posts)

So you want to setup a Ceph dev environment using OSA

Support for installing and configuring Ceph was added to openstack-ansible in Ocata, so now that I have a need for a Ceph development environment it seems logical that I would build it by building an openstack-ansible Ocata AIO. There were a few gotchas there, so I want to explain the process I used.

First off, Ceph is enabled in an openstack-ansible AIO using a thing I've never seen before called a "Scenario". Basically this means that you need to export an environment variable called "SCENARIO" before running the AIO install. Something like this will do the trick?L:

    export SCENARIO=ceph
    


    Next you need to set the global pg_num in the ceph role or the install will fail. I did that with this patch:

      --- /etc/ansible/roles/ceph.ceph-common/defaults/main.yml       2017-05-26 08:55:07.803635173 +1000
      +++ /etc/ansible/roles/ceph.ceph-common/defaults/main.yml       2017-05-26 08:58:30.417019878 +1000
      @@ -338,7 +338,9 @@
       #     foo: 1234
       #     bar: 5678
       #
      -ceph_conf_overrides: {}
      +ceph_conf_overrides:
      +  global:
      +    osd_pool_default_pg_num: 8
       
       
       #############
      @@ -373,4 +375,4 @@
       # Set this to true to enable File access via NFS.  Requires an MDS role.
       nfs_file_gw: true
       # Set this to true to enable Object access via NFS. Requires an RGW role.
      -nfs_obj_gw: false
      \ No newline at end of file
      +nfs_obj_gw: false
      


      That of course needs to be done after the Ceph role has been fetched, but before it is executed, so in other words after the AIO bootstrap, but before the install.

      And that was about it (although of course that took a fair while to work out). I have this automated in my little install helper thing, so I'll never need to think about it again which is nice.

      Once Ceph is installed, you interact with it via the monitor container, not the utility container, which is a bit odd. That said, all you really need is the Ceph config file and the Ceph utilities, so you could move those elsewhere.

        root@labosa:/etc/openstack_deploy# lxc-attach -n aio1_ceph-mon_container-a3d8b8b1
        root@aio1-ceph-mon-container-a3d8b8b1:/# ceph -s
            cluster 24424319-b5e9-49d2-a57a-6087ab7f45bd
             health HEALTH_OK
             monmap e1: 1 mons at {aio1-ceph-mon-container-a3d8b8b1=172.29.239.114:6789/0}
                    election epoch 3, quorum 0 aio1-ceph-mon-container-a3d8b8b1
             osdmap e20: 3 osds: 3 up, 3 in
                    flags sortbitwise,require_jewel_osds
              pgmap v36: 40 pgs, 5 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
                    102156 kB used, 3070 GB / 3070 GB avail
                          40 active+clean
        root@aio1-ceph-mon-container-a3d8b8b1:/# ceph osd tree
        ID WEIGHT  TYPE NAME       UP/DOWN REWEIGHT PRIMARY-AFFINITY 
        -1 2.99817 root default                                      
        -2 2.99817     host labosa                                   
         0 0.99939         osd.0        up  1.00000          1.00000 
         1 0.99939         osd.1        up  1.00000          1.00000 
         2 0.99939         osd.2        up  1.00000          1.00000 
        


        Tags for this post: openstack osa ceph openstack-ansible

        Comment

        Syndicated 2017-05-27 18:30:00 from stillhq.com : Mikal, a geek from Canberra living in Silicon Valley (no blather posts)

The Collapsing Empire




ISBN: 076538888X
LibraryThing
This is a fun fast read, as is everything by Mr Scalzi. The basic premise here is that of a set of interdependent colonies that are about to lose their ability to trade with each other, and are therefore doomed. Oh, except they don't know that and are busy having petty trade wars instead. It isn't a super intellectual read, but it is fun and does leave me wanting to know what happens to the empire...

Tags for this post: book john_scalzi
Related posts: The Last Colony ; The End of All Things; Zoe's Tale; Agent to the Stars; Redshirts; Fuzzy Nation


Comment

Syndicated 2017-05-17 21:46:00 from stillhq.com : Mikal, a geek from Canberra living in Silicon Valley (no blather posts)

Python3 venvs for people who are old and grumpy

I've been using virtualenvwrapper to make venvs for python2 for probably six or so years. I know it, and understand it. Now some bad man (hi Ramon!) is making me do python3, and virtualenvwrapper just isn't a thing over there as best as I can tell.

So how do I make a venv? Its really not too bad...

First, install the dependencies:

Things I read today: the best description I've seen of metadata routing in neutron

I happened upon a thread about OVN's proposal for how to handle nova metadata traffic, which linked to this very good Suse blog post about how metadata traffic is routed in neutron. I'm just adding the link here because I think it will be useful to others. The OVN proposal is also an interesting read.

Tags for this post: openstack nova neutron metadata ovn
Related posts: Juno nova mid-cycle meetup summary: nova-network to Neutron migration; Nova vendordata deployment, an excessively detailed guide; One week of Nova Kilo specifications; Specs for Kilo; Juno Nova PTL Candidacy; Juno nova mid-cycle meetup summary: scheduler

Comment

Syndicated 2017-05-07 17:52:00 from stillhq.com : Mikal, a geek from Canberra living in Silicon Valley (no blather posts)

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