15 Feb 2008 groom   » (Journeyer)

vala tutorial: chapter 0

after about 8 years of C and bourne, i finally decided to learn a descent language. and by learn, i mean learn from the beginning, as a baby. making things clean, trying to forget crappy things i made in the past. So, i decided to choose vala for testing my fresh baby brain. This first post on vala is be the beginning of a step by step introduction to this language for people who know C or C++.

first, read This Hello World in Vala

Here is a variant, which goal is to demonstrate how to use program's arguments, and how to get an array's length:

using GLib;
public class Tutorial.CommandLineArgs : GLib.Object {
 public static void main(string[] args) {
  for (uint i=1; i< args.length; i++)
   stdout.printf("Hello, %s. ",args[i]);
  stdout.printf("My name is %s\n", args[0]);

Here you see the declaration of an array of strings which i called args, another declaration: an unsigned integer variable named i. Then you see the length member of the array type. Finally you see how to acces to an array's cell.

Question from the baby: how to get the real basename of args[0], having knowledge of basename() from <libgen.h> or g_path_get_basename() from GLib ? Reply: to acces g_path_get_basename() from GLib, Vala has this naming convetion: GLib.Path.get_basename(). Now it's up to you to make a better hello people program.

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