GStreamer & Buzztard
As a big leftover promise from my talk at the GStreamer conference in 2011 I spend more time to understand latencies inside GStreamer. For plain playback the latencies are not an issue, but for anything interactive, be it entering notes or changing parameters while the song is playing, we want much lower latencies. For the talk I did some measurements by having a pipeline with two branches - src1 ! sink and src2 ! fx1 ! ... ! fxn ! sink. The fx elements where plain volume elements. The branches where panned hard left and right. For the experiment, I was pulling down the volume on the two sources down to 0 at the same time and recoding the audio on the sink. Looking at the wave
, one could see the delay in the signal that went through the effect-chain. The longer the effect-chain the larger becomes the delay. Don't misunderstand this, GStreamer is properly handling A/V sync. The buffers that get mixed in front of the sink have the same time stamps, the problem is that we have a lot more buffers traveling the the effect-branch. This is because of the queue elements. In buzztard one can freely link generators to effects, effects to effects and effects to sinks. This includes diamond shaped connections. Here we need queues to not stall processing on one branch. It is sufficient for the queues to keep only 1 buffer. Still even knowing the buffer duration, I could not tell a formula to explain the measured delays.
This month I looked at the issue with a new idea. I wrote a small example
that build pipelines close to what I have in buzztard, but stripped of many details. In this code I add buffer probed to all pads. The probe is comparing the time-stamp on the buffer to the pipeline clock. This tells how early the buffer is. Ideally we want buffers to be generated and processed as much in time as possible. When generating audio one needs to configure audio-buffer sizes on the source elements and two properties on the audio-sink - buffer-time and latency-time. A good scheme is to use buffer-time = 2 * latency-time. That configures the sink to have two audio-segments. Initially I also set the buffer sizes on the source elements to have a duration of latency-time. Now one problem with that is that we will have one buffer waiting on each queue. Thus if there are two queues the actual latency is (n-queues + 1) * latency-time. One way to improve that a bit is to half the buffer sizes on the sources, then the 2nd buffer is calculated when the first one is needed. As the first one won't be sufficient to fill the gap, the calculation of the 2nd buffer is scheduled right away. The disadvantage of this scheme is that one gets quite jittery latencies. In the end I settled on finishing the subtick timing in buzztard. Each tick will have n subticks, where n is setup so that we get down to the desired latency. So far I get nice low latency on all my machines (inlcuding a atom based netbook).
We also ported more buzzmachines and have 49 machines right now. When porting we often also fix bugs as gcc is quite good at warnings these days. Finally, the machines now also install docs (where available).
In the UI I got rid of the GtkRuler copy again. The analyzer window now has own code to draw the rulers. I think they look nice, a lot less noisy then the older rulers.
62 files changed, 1957 insertions(+), 1844 deletions(-)